Learn more about ringworm: introduction

Ringworm is a common fungal infection. It's not caused by worms. You can usually buy medicine from a pharmacy to make it go away.

The main symptom of ringworm is a red or silver rash. The rash may be scaly, dry, swollen or itchy.

Ringworm can appear anywhere on the body, including the scalp (tinea capitis) and groin (jock itch).

A ring-shaped ringworm rash on the skin
The rash is usually ring-shaped, unless it's on your face, neck or scalp.
A large ringworm rash on the skin
Sometimes the rash grows, spreads or there's more than one rash.
Ringworm on the scalp
Ringworm on the face or scalp may also cause patchy hair loss.
Other common fungal infections
Affected area Possible condition
Nails fungal nail infection
Feet athlete's foot

Speak to a pharmacist first.

They can look at your rash and recommend the best antifungal medicine. This might be a cream, gel or spray depending on where the rash is.

You usually need to use antifungal medicine every day for 2 weeks. It's important to finish the whole course, even if your symptoms go away.

A pharmacist will tell you if they think you should see a GP.

Find a pharmacy

See a GP if:

  • ringworm hasn't improved after using antifungal medicine for 2 weeks
  • you have ringworm on your scalp – you'll often need prescription antifungal tablets and shampoo
  • you have a weakened immune system – for example, from chemotherapy, steroids or diabetes

Ringworm is caused by a type of fungi.

It can be spread through close contact with:

  • an infected person or animal
  • infected objects – such as bedsheets, combs or towels
  • infected soil – although this is less common

It's fine for your child to go to school or nursery once they have started treatment. Let your child's teachers know they have it.


  • start treatment as soon as possible
  • wash towels and bedsheets regularly
  • keep your skin clean and wash your hands after touching animals or soil
  • regularly check your skin if you have been in contact with an infected person or animal
  • take your pet to the vet if they might have ringworm (for example, patches of missing fur)


  • do not share towels, combs and bedsheets with someone who has ringworm
  • do not scratch a ringworm rash – this could spread it to other parts of your body
Content supplied by the NHS website

eConsult Video Guide